Prior to the recent 2007 DHS and 2010 MICS, there have been at least three population-based surveys designed to measure contraceptive prevalence in one or more locations in the DRC. The surveys and related findings are as follows.
The 1982-84 Contraceptive prevalence Survey (CPS), conducted by Westinghouse Public Applied Systems and Institut National de la Statistique (INS), represents the first attempt at a population-based survey on contraceptive use in the DRC. It covered four major cities (Kinshasa, Lubumbashi, Kinsangani, and Katanga) as well as two rural areas that had strong health delivery systems (Vanga and Nkara in Bandundu). This survey yielded the following data on contraceptive use (modern methods and all methods) among married women aged 13 to 49 years of age.
In the early 1980s, the PRODEF Project implemented and evaluated the effects of introducing community-based distribution of family planning in one urban area (Matadi) and one rural health zone (Nsona Mpangu) in Bas Zaïre. A baseline (1981) and follow-up (1984) survey served to evaluate the effects of the community-based distribution program. In both the urban and rural areas, contraceptive prevalence increased between the two surveys and this increase was greater in the treatment area versus the comparison area.
PSND with technical assistance from Tulane University conducted a population-based survey of 1,500 men (aged 20-59) and 1,500 women (aged 15-49) in Kinshasa. This survey provided data on knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to HIV as well as contraceptive use. Although the contraceptive data were never formally published, the survey indicated that 6.6% of married women aged 15-49 used a modern contraceptive method. This information appears in the table on modern contraceptive use in Kinshasa over time below: